Mariana of Austria was born on 24 December 1634, in Wien, Austria. She was the daughter of Infanta Maria Anna of Spain (18 August 1606 - 13 May 1646) and Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (13 July 1608 - 2 April 1657). Her maternal grandparents were Margaret of Austria and Felipe III, King of Spain. Her paternal grandparents were Maria Anna of Bavaria and Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor. Mariana's parents were married on 20 February 1631. Her siblings were: Ferdinand IV of Hungary (8 September 1633 - 9 July 1654), Philip August, Archduke of Austria (1637-1639), Maximilian Thomas, Archduke of Austria (1638-1639), Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (9 June 1640 - 5 May 1705) and Maria of Austria (1646). Her mother, Maria Anna died on 13 May 1646, in Wien. She was pregnant at the time, the child died after being born by cesarean section. She was interred with her child. Mariana of Austria married Felipe IV, King of Spain and Portugal (8 April 1605 - 17 September 1665) in 1649. The couple had five children.
The Children of Mariana of Austria and Felipe IV:
Margaret Theresa of Spain (12 July 1651 - 12 March 1673) Married Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor.
Infanta Maria Abrosia de la Concepción of Spain (1655)
Felipe Prospero of Spain (1657-1661)
Infante Thomas Charles of Spain (1658-1659)
Carlos II, King of Spain (6 November 1661 - 1 November 1700)
Her husband, Felipe IV died on 17 September 1665. He was succeeded by their son, as Carlos II with Mariana as Regent. Her daughter, Margaret Theresa of Spain married Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor on 12 December 1666, in Wien. Margaret Theresa died on 12 March 1673, at the Hofburg Palace, in Wien. She was interred at the Imperial Crypt, in Wien. Her son, Carlos II married Marie Louise d'Orléans (26 March 1662 - 12 February 1689) on 19 November 1679, in Quintanapalla, near Burgos, Spain. She was the daughter of Princess Henrietta Anne of England, Duchess of Orléans (26 June 1644 - 10 September 1669) and Philippe de France, Duc d'Orléans (21 September 1640 - 9 June 1701). Their marriage remained childless. Marie Louise died on 12 February 1689, in Madrid, Spain. Carlos II married his second wife, Maria Anna of the Palatinate-Neuburg (28 October 1667 - 16 July 1740) on 14 May 1690, in San Diego, near Valladolid. She was the daughter of Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (20 March 1635 - 4 August 1709) and Philip Wilhelm of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (24 November 1615 - 2 September 1690). This second marriage was also childless. Mariana of Austria died of breast cancer on the night of 16 May 1696, in Madrid, Spain.
"Two suns cannot live in the same sky". Mariana of Austria